One of the most distinctive elements of "Wuthering Heights" is its complex narrative structure. Understanding this structure can open up a world of meaning to the discerning reader. Lockwood The novel opens with and is framed by the narration of Lockwood, a man who is staying in Thrushcross Grange, a large house and manor, for relaxation and rest.
Each of these sources provides different accounts of the same event, from the point of view of various first-person narrators.
There can also be multiple co-principal characters as narrator, Wuthering heights narrative techniques as in Robert A.
Heinlein 's The Number of the Beast. The first chapter introduces four characters, including the initial narrator, who is named at the beginning of the chapter. The narrative continues in subsequent chapters with a different character explicitly identified as the narrator for that chapter.
Other characters later introduced in the book also have their "own" chapters where they narrate the story for that chapter. The story proceeds in linear fashion, and no event occurs more than once, i.
Scott Fitzgerald 's The Great Gatsbyeach narrated by a minor character. These can be distinguished as "first person major" or "first person minor" points of view. The narrator can be the protagonist e. Watson in Sherlock Holmes storiesor an ancillary character who has little to do with the action of the story such as Nick Carraway in The Great Gatsby.
Narrators can report others' narratives at one or more removes. These are called "frame narrators": Skilled writers choose to skew narratives, in keeping with the narrator's character, to an arbitrary degree, from ever so slight to extreme. For example, the aforementioned Mr.
Lockwood is quite naive, of which fact he appears unaware, simultaneously rather pompous, and recounting a combination of stories, experiences, and servants' gossip. As such, his character is an unintentionally very unreliable narrator, and serves mainly to mystify, confuse, and ultimately leave the events of Wuthering Heights open to a great range of interpretations.
A rare form of first person is the first person omniscient, in which the narrator is a character in the story, but also knows the thoughts and feelings of all the other characters. It can seem like third person omniscient at times. A reasonable explanation fitting the mechanics of the story's world is generally provided or inferred, unless its glaring absence is a major plot point.
Two notable examples are The Book Thief by Markus Zusakwhere the narrator is Deathand The Lovely Bones by Alice Seboldwhere a young girl, having been killed, observes, from some post-mortem, extracorporeal viewpoint, her family struggling to cope with her disappearance. Typically, however, the narrator restricts the events relayed in the narrative to those that could reasonably be known.
Novice writers may make the mistake of allowing elements of omniscience into a first-person narrative unintentionally and at random, forgetting the inherent human limitations of a witness or participant of the events. Autobiography[ edit ] In autobiographical fictionthe first person narrator is the character of the author with varying degrees of historical accuracy.
The narrator is still distinct from the author and must behave like any other character and any other first person narrator. In some cases, the narrator is writing a book—"the book in your hands"—and therefore he has most of the powers and knowledge of the author.
Another example is a fictional "Autobiography of James T. Kirk" which was "Edited" by David A. Goodman who was the actual writer of that book and playing the part of James Kirk Gene Roddenberry's Star Trek as he wrote the novel.
Detective fiction[ edit ] Since the narrator is within the story, he or she may not have knowledge of all the events. For this reason, first-person narrative is often used for detective fictionso that the reader and narrator uncover the case together.
One traditional approach in this form of fiction is for the main detective's principal assistant, the "Watson", to be the narrator: First-person narratives can appear in several forms; interior monologue, as in Fyodor Dostoevsky 's Notes from Underground ; dramatic monologue, also in Albert Camus ' The Fall ; or explicitly, as Mark Twain 's Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.
Other forms include temporary first-person narration as a story within a storywherein a narrator or character observing the telling of a story by another is reproduced in full, temporarily and without interruption shifting narration to the speaker.
The first-person narrator can also be the focal character.Wuthering Heights by Emily Bronte - Wuthering Heights, written by Emily Bronte, has pages. The genre of Wuthering Heights is realistic fiction, and it is a romantic novel. Narrative Structure & Technique in Wuthering Heights. Go to Wuthering Heights Literary Devices & Techniques Narrative Structure & Technique in Wuthering Heights Related Study Materials.
All of the voices weave together to provide a choral narrative. Initially, they speak to Lockwood, answering his inquiries, but they speak to readers, also, providing multiple views of the tangled lives of the inhabitants of Thrushcross Grange and .
Get an answer for 'Explain the narrative technique of "Wuthering Heights." ' and find homework help for other Wuthering Heights questions at eNotes. Weeks of wet weather preceding Lincoln's second inauguration had caused Pennsylvania Avenue to become a sea of mud and standing water.
Thousands of spectators stood in thick mud at the Capitol grounds to hear the President. Shakespeare demonstrating some light repetition. As long as writers have been writing, they have been inventing and employing literary devices. Great writers employ literary devices not just for artistic value, but to give readers a greater understanding of their works.