Thompson, the chief counsel for Sacco and Vanzetti during the final three years of their legal struggle, has told us in a very moving memoir that he had been asked by Vanzetti to come to Charlestown Prison just hours before their execution. Vanzetti had come to respect the integrity and the tremendous efforts that Thompson-a Brahmin, a conservative, a lawyer -had made against the legal system he believed in and upheld, to defend two anarchists who had been trying to bring that very system down. Before dying, Vanzetti wanted to thank Thompson for his efforts and to assure him that, though they had not succeeded, they were deeply appreciated. In the course of his remarks Vanzetti strongly reasserted the absolute innocence of Sacco and himself in the Braintree affair, and he also told Thompson that
Background[ edit ] Sacco and Vanzetti Sacco was a shoemaker and a night watchman,  born April 22, in TorremaggioreProvince of FoggiaApulia region in Italian: PugliaItalywho migrated to the United States at the age of seventeen. Both men left Italy for the US in although they did not meet until a strike.
Health is in you! At the time, Italian anarchists — in particular the Galleanist group — ranked at the top of the United States government's list of dangerous enemies.
For three years, perhaps 60 Galleanists waged an intermittent campaign of violence against US politicians, judges, and other federal and local officials, especially those who had supported deportation of alien radicals.
Among the dozen or more violent acts was the bombing of Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer 's home on June 2, In that incident, Carlo Valdinoccia former editor of Cronaca Sovversiva and an associate of Sacco and Vanzetti, was killed when the bomb intended for Palmer exploded in Valdinoci's hands.
Radical pamphlets entitled "Plain Words" signed "The Anarchist Fighters" were found at the scene of this and several other midnight bombings that night. He portrayed himself as the 'strong' one who had resisted the police.
On April 15,two men were robbed and killed while transporting the company's payroll in two large steel boxes to the main factory. One of them, Alessandro Berardelli   —a security guard—was shot four times   as he reached for his hip-holstered.
The other man, Frederick Parmenter  —a paymaster who was unarmed—was shot twice: PetersWinchesteror Remington. The Winchester cartridge case was of a relatively obsolete cartridge loading, which had been discontinued from production some years earlier.
Two days after the robbery, police located the robbers' Buick; several gauge shotgun shells were found on the ground nearby. Police speculated that Italian anarchists perpetrated the robberies to finance their activities.
Bridgewater police chief Michael E. Stewart suspected that known Italian anarchist Ferruccio Coacci was involved. Coacci was slated for deportation on April 15,the day of the Braintree holdup, but telephoned with the excuse that his wife was ill.
On April 16, officers discovered Coacci at home and determined that he had given a false alibi for not showing up for deportation.
They offered him another week, but Coacci declined and left for Italy on April 18, When he was questioned, Buda said that Coacci owned a. When Stewart discovered that Coacci had worked for both shoe factories that had been robbed, he returned with the Bridgewater police.
Coacci had since left for Italy with his family along with his possessions, and Buda had just escaped. The four men knew each other well; Buda would later call Sacco and Vanzetti "the best friends I had in America.
Buda escaped and did not resurface until in Italy. Sacco and Vanzetti boarded a streetcar, but were tracked down and soon arrested. When searched by police, both denied owning any guns, but were found to be holding loaded pistols.
Sacco was found to have an Italian passport, anarchist literature, a loaded. Orciani was arrested May 6, but gave the alibi that he had been at work on the day of both crimes. Sacco had been at work on the day of the Bridgewater crimes but said that he had the day off on April 15—the day of the Braintree crimes— and was charged with those murders.
The self-employed Vanzetti had no such alibis and was charged for the attempted robbery and attempted murder in Bridgewater and the robbery and murder in the Braintree crimes. Following Sacco and Vanzetti's indictment for murder for the Braintree robbery, Galleanists and anarchists in the United States and abroad began a campaign of violent retaliation.
Two days later on September 16,Mario Buda allegedly orchestrated the Wall Street bombingwhere a time-delay dynamite bomb packed with heavy iron sash-weights in a horse-drawn cart exploded, killing 38 people and wounding Vahey, an experienced defense attorney, and James Graham, who was recommended by supporters.
A few weeks earlier he had given a speech to new American citizens decrying Bolshevism and anarchism's threat to American institutions.Two Italian immigrants, Nicola Sacco and Batolomeo Vanzetti, died in the electric chair in , and their case was widely seen as an injustice.
Nine decades after their deaths, the Sacco and Vanzetti case remains a disturbing episode in American history. Both became exposed to anarchist handbills and newspapers during a time when labor.
Port Manteaux churns out silly new words when you feed it an idea or two. Enter a word (or two) above and you'll get back a bunch of portmanteaux created by jamming together words that are conceptually related to your inputs..
For example, enter "giraffe" and you'll get . + free ebooks online. Did you know that you can help us produce ebooks by proof-reading just one page a day? Go to: Distributed Proofreaders.
United States History I. Introduction United States History, story of how the republic developed from colonial beginnings in the 16th century, when the first European explorers arrived, until modern times. From the time of their conviction until decades after their deaths, people lined up in one of two camps: one camp of those believing that Sacco and Vanzetti were the innocent victims of political and economic interests determined to send a message about the rising tide of anarchist violence and another camp of those believing that the trial was.
's entry in the series is THE LIVES OF SACCO AND VANZETTI, an impeccably researched, carefully constructed, and utterly engrossing book about two anarchists convicted and executed for murder in the early s, despite mixed evidence and world-wide outrage about the case.