Feminization biology There are also sex-specific side effects of AAS.
Understand different types of decisions. What Is Decision Making?
Decision making refers to making choices among alternative courses of action—which may also include inaction.
Therefore, increasing effectiveness in decision making is an important part of maximizing your effectiveness at work.
This chapter will help you understand how to make decisions alone or in a group while avoiding common decision-making traps. Individuals throughout organizations use the information they gather to make a wide range of decisions. These decisions may affect the lives of others and change the course of an organization.
But Sherron Watkins, a former Enron employee and now-famous whistleblower, uncovered the accounting problems and tried to enact change. Similarly, the decisions made by firms to trade in mortgage-backed securities is having negative consequences for the entire U.
Each of these people made a decision, and each person, as well as others, is now living with the consequences of his or her decisions. Because many decisions involve an ethical component, one of the most important considerations in management is whether the decisions you are making as an employee or manager are ethical.
Is this decision fair? Will I feel better or worse about myself after I make this decision? Does this decision break any organizational rules?
Does this decision break any laws? How would I feel if this decision was broadcast on the news? Types of Decisions Despite the far-reaching nature of the decisions in the previous example, not all decisions have major consequences or even require a lot of thought.
For example, before you come to class, you make simple and habitual decisions such as what to wear, what to eat, and which route to take as you go to and from home and school. You probably do not spend much time on these mundane decisions.
These types of straightforward decisions are termed programmed decisions; these are decisions that occur frequently enough that we develop an automated response to them. The automated response we use to make these decisions is called the decision rule. For example, many restaurants face customer complaints as a routine part of doing business.
Because this is a recurring problem for restaurants, it may be regarded as a programmed decision.
To deal with this problem, the restaurant might have a policy stating that every time they receive a valid customer complaint, the customer should receive a free dessert, which represents a decision rule.
Making strategic, tactical, and operational decisions is an integral part of the planning function in the P-O-L-C planning-organizing-leading-controlling model.
However, decisions that are unique and important require conscious thinking, information gathering, and careful consideration of alternatives. These are called nonprogrammed decisions. This is a nonprogrammed decision because for several decades, customers of fast-food restaurants were more concerned with the taste and price of the food, rather than the healthiness.
A crisis situation also constitutes a nonprogrammed decision for companies. For example, the leadership of Nutrorim was facing a tough decision. They had recently introduced a new product, ChargeUp with Lipitrene, an improved version of their popular sports drink powder, ChargeUp.Module 1 - Principles of effective communication - "Getting the message across" Module 2 - Effective oral communication which aspect of "Quality control" would you like to specialize in and why?
Learning outcome. In answering questions, make sure you understand the question.
If you do not understand the question, ask the questioner to. Why This Subject Matters •Core Rules –APSM (e.g., for Associate Professionals –“Supervision shall be provided by a qualified professional with the population served until the individual meets one year of experience [2 yrs for non-grad; 4 yrs for non-human.
Understand why effective communication is important in the work setting Outcome 1: 1. Communication is the giving and receiving of information. It is the foundation of what we do in everyday life.
2 U.S. Department of Education Additionally,professional development is increasingly seen as a systemic process that includes the development of all individuals involved . Open Document. Below is an essay on "- Learning Outcome 1. Understand Why Effective Communication Is Important in the Work Place Identify the .
Outcome-based education (OBE) is an educational theory that bases each part of an educational system around goals (outcomes). By the end of the educational experience, each student should have achieved the goal.
Instructors will also find that their work is increased; they must work to first understand the outcome, then build a curriculum.