Guilt, Bad Conscience and Related Matters 1 To breed an animal that is entitled to make promises—surely that is the essence of the paradoxical task nature has set itself where human beings are concerned? Isn't that the real problem of human beings? The fact that this problem has largely been resolved must seem all the more astonishing to a person who knows how to appreciate fully the power which works against this promise-making, namely forgetfulness.
Second Essay, Sections Summary Nietzsche opens the second essay by examining the significance of our ability to make promises. This confidence demands that, on some level, we must make ourselves calculable or predictable, and for a people to be predictable, they must share a common set of laws or customs that govern their behavior.
Society and morality thus serve the purpose of making us predictable, which in turn serves the purpose of allowing us to make promises.
This complicated process has as its end the "sovereign individual" who is able to make promises, not because he is bound by social mores but because he is master of his own free will.
The sovereign individual is then faced with the tremendous responsibility of being free to make claims regarding his own future: Punishment was not meted out on the basis of guilt, but simply as a reprisal.
If someone failed to fulfill a promise or pay off a loan they were in debt to the person they let down, and that debt could be balanced by submitting to punishment, cruelty, or torture. If a creditor could not have the pleasure of getting his money back, he could have the pleasure of harming his debtor.
The memory that is necessary to our ability to make promises was thus "burned in": Nietzsche remarks that making others suffer was considered a great joy--Nietzsche calls it a "festival"--that would balance out an unpaid debt.
We find the origins of conscience, guilt, and duty in the festiveness of cruelty: We have come to see suffering as a great argument against life, though creating suffering was once the greatest celebration of life.
Nietzsche suggests that our revulsion against suffering is, on the one hand, a revulsion against all our instincts, and, on the other hand, a revulsion against the senselessness of suffering.
For neither the ancients nor the Christians was suffering senseless: Nietzsche suggests that we invented gods so that there was some all-witnessing presence to insure that no suffering ever went unnoticed.
The concepts of guilt and conscience are so fundamental to our functioning as social beings that we have had a tendency to see their origins in a great instant of divine creation.
Nietzsche suggests that, like the origin of humanity itself, there is no point of origin, but just a slow evolution.A summary of First Essay, Sections in Friedrich Nietzsche's Genealogy of Morals.
Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Genealogy of Morals and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans.
Nietzsche Philosophy Summary. share.
Contents. 1 Friedrich Nietzsche, a German philosopher; 2 Nietzsche: God is dead & nihilism; 3 Nietzsche, metaphysics and morality: Friedrich Nietzsche, a German philosopher.
Nietzsche is the philosopher of the will to power, seen as vital creation and fulfillment. What is essential is our world as it is.
|First Essay, Sections 1-9||Nietzsche genealogy of morals essay 2 summary November 18, No Comments on Nietzsche genealogy of morals essay 2 summary Dissertation writing services in bangalore electrotherapy research paper mpoc essay winners of the voice black essayist good research paper introduction does love at first sight exist essay help karshish the arab physician analysis essay, essayer translation essay writing on anti corruption slogans common phrases in english essays about friendship article 16 de la constitution dissertation writing my favorite weather story essay on dred essays and reviews election. Organization theory essay organization theory analysis method Organization theory essay organization theory analysis method tobacco kills essay mistakes in your life essay utilitarian essays online.|
|From the SparkNotes Blog||What is essential is our world as it is joy and desire for power. As for the illusion of ulterior worlds, Nietzsche stalking in all its forms.|
|Nietzsche Philosophy Summary||Nietzsche decided that "a critique of moral values" was needed, that "the value of these values themselves must be called into question". This inversion of values develops out of the ressentiment of the powerful by the weak.|
|They had two other children: Inhe began to attend Domgymnasium in Naumburg.|
Nietzsche Essay Nietzsche begins the second essay, which is an exploration of the origins of guilt and morality, by presenting the problem of humankind: breeding an animal with the ‘prerogative to promise’. 2) Challenge the orthodoxy: Questioning things is also a core aspect of Nietzsche's thinking.
Especially the things which "can't be questioned." Especially the things which "can't be questioned." He raises many important and offensive questions, most famous being the existence of God and the nature of Christianity.
Note's on Nietzsche's Genealogy. A warning. There is much disagreement in Nietzsche scholarship. First Essay 1. The English psychologists are perhaps men like Hobbes and Hume; or, since he is mentioned later in the book, Herbert Spencer.
The Overman, Eternal Return, and the Aesthetic Reading of Nietzsche The Genealogy is an accessible. Note's on Nietzsche's Genealogy. A warning. There is much disagreement in Nietzsche scholarship.
First Essay 1. The English psychologists are perhaps men like Hobbes and Hume; or, since he is mentioned later in the book, Herbert Spencer. The Overman, Eternal Return, and the Aesthetic Reading of Nietzsche The Genealogy is an .