August 17, in EducationPsychology with Comments Off on Jean Piaget and Lawrence Kohlberg on Moral Development Both Jean Piaget and Lawrence Kohlberg have made vital contributions to the study of human psychology, especially pertaining to the development of children. One aspect of the child psychology elaborated by both theorists is their moral development. This view is contrary to the conventional view that children are taught what is right and wrong by parents and teachers. While moral preaching inevitably goes on, children made moral judgments based on their own observations of their environment.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Get Access Moral Development Theories Essay Sample Developmental theorists seek explanations to why some people deviate from social norms lawswhy some of those who develop anti-social behavior cease and others continue, why for some individuals crimes is progressive and why some people stop committing crimes as they age.
Like in psychology, there is an element of nature versus nurture in examining the theories of moral development. Biological factors of moral development tend to be the most controversial as they explain crime in terms of environmental effects on ethical decision making.
Biological criminologists research the effects of hormones, foreign substances and injures to the brain for correlation with deviant behavior. For example if a person exhibits deviant behavior such as viewing child pornography after sustaining a hemorrhagic stroke affecting the frontal lobe, biological criminologists would attribute the behavior directly to the damaged brain tissue.
Latent trait theorists believe human moral development is controlled by genetics and is present from birth and remains fairly constant through life like temperament and includes whether an individual is compelled to a life of crime. Within this theory is a variable of exposure to certain interpersonal interactions and availability of opportunities, increases the propensity for crime within these genetically predisposed individuals.
Some examples of latent traits include defective intelligence, compulsivity and impulsiveness, chemical imbalances brain and environmental effects of drugs and injuries on the brain.
Learning theories of moral development state that children learn what they are taught, including morals and values as well as behavior. The moral development can be taught through modeling or reinforcement.
Reinforcement is the theory that behaviors or values are rewarded and as result a child will exhibit those behaviors that are rewarded repetitively.
Learning theory of moral development states that as people go through life, social and personal traits undergo change and influence behavior.
One major theory of this type of moral development is the life course theory. Developmental theories purport that children mature physically, cognitively and emotionally, as a result there are stages that one must progress through in order to get to the next highest level of achievement in their moral development.
As a child realizes they form judgment of others, they also realize that others are judging them and this cognitive development leads moral development. It is believed that stage completion is progressive and stages cannot be skipped.
The three levels are pre-conventional, conventional and post-conventional and it is believed that these levels are achieved as human develop intellectually.
Pre-conventional morality occurs in children under nine years old and focuses on self-interest; which means they obey to in order to avoid punishment or to obtain rewards. Conventional morality occurs in adolescence and focuses on care of others and upholding social rules and laws simply because they are rules and laws.
The final level, post-conventional morality includes abstract applications of and formal operational thought with regard to moral issues. In conclusion, when looking at moral development and its relationship to crime, the general theory of crime is that both crime and criminality are separate concepts.
People choose to commit crimes when they lack self-control and those lack self-control will act upon criminal opportunities.
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Lawrence Kohlberg’s theory of moral development postulates that there are three levels of moral reasoning, divided into various stages. Moral Development Theory and Bullying.
Bullying is not a new phenomenon, but social media and communication technologies have introduced a breadth and depth to which public shaming, targeted taunting, and bullying have manifested.
Identify and discuss the three (3) levels of Kohlberg?s stages of Moral Development, and explain how you would address each level within your department. regardbouddhiste.comn how your officers can use Kohlberg?s Stages of Moral Development to evaluate three (3) types of criminals who are at different stages of moral development.
regardbouddhiste.comrate two to three () [ ].