For many, Nietzsche and morality make an unlikely conjunction. Certainly, for all his challenging views — or perhaps because they proved all too challenging — he was until recently absent from traditional philosophy courses on ethics. Rather, to speak of good or evil is to speak of human illusions, of lies according to which we find it necessary to live.
Man is something that shall be overcome. What have you done to overcome him? All beings so far have created something beyond themselves; and do you want to be the ebb of this great flood, and even go back to the beasts rather than overcome man?
What is the ape to man?
A laughingstock or established embarrassment. You have made your way from worm to man, and much in you is still worm. Once you were apes, and even now, too, man is more ape than any ape Let your will say: Amor fati and the eternal recurrence[ edit ] Rock on Lake Silvaplana where Nietzsche conceived of the idea of Eternal return.
Nietzsche may have encountered the idea of the Eternal Recurrence in the works of Heinrich Heinewho speculated that one day a person would be born with the same thought-processes as himself, and that the same applied to every other individual.
Nietzsche expanded on this thought to form his theory, which he put forth in The Gay Science and developed in Thus Spoke Zarathustra. Schopenhauer directly influenced this theory.
This idea of eternal recurrence became a cornerstone of his nihilism, and thus part of the foundation of what became existentialism.
He gradually backed-off of this view, and in later works referred to it as a thought-experiment. And mere will be nothing new in it, but every pain and every joy and every thought and every sigh—everything unspeakably small and great in your life—must come again to you, and in the same sequence and series The eternal hourglass will again and again be turned—and you with it, dust of dust!
Or have you once experienced a tremendous moment, in which you would answer him: Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.
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In the field of meta-ethicsone can perhaps most accurately classify Nietzsche as a moral skeptic ; meaning that he claims that all ethical statements are false, because any kind of correspondence between ethical statements and "moral facts" remains illusory. This forms part of a more general claim that no universally true fact exists, roughly because none of them more than "appear" to correspond to reality.
Instead, ethical statements like all statements remain mere "interpretations. Sometimes Nietzsche may seem to have very definite opinions on what he regards as moral or as immoral. On the contrary, he depicts falsehood as essential for "life".
He mentions a "dishonest lie", discussing Wagner in The Case of Wagner as opposed to an "honest" one, recommending further to consult Plato with regard to the latter, which should give some idea of the layers of paradox in his work.
In the juncture between normative ethics and descriptive ethicsNietzsche distinguishes between "master morality" and "slave morality". Although he recognizes that not everyone holds either scheme in a clearly delineated fashion without some syncretismhe presents them in contrast to one another.
Some of the contrasts in master vs. Nietzsche elaborated these ideas in his book On the Genealogy of Moralityin which he also introduced the key concept of ressentiment as the basis for the slave morality.Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche 15 October Röcken, Province of Afrikan Spir, a little-known Russian philosopher responsible for the Thought and Reality, and Nietzsche's colleague the famed historian Jacob Burckhardt, On yet another occasion, Nietzsche stated, "Germany is a great nation only because its people have so much Polish.
Friedrich Nietzsche (–) was a German philosopher and cultural critic who published intensively in the s and s. He is famous for uncompromising criticisms of traditional European morality and religion, as well as of conventional philosophical ideas and . Friedrich Nietzsche (—) Nietzsche was a German philosopher, essayist, and cultural critic.
His writings on truth, morality, language, aesthetics, cultural theory, history, nihilism, power, consciousness, and the meaning of existence have exerted an enormous influence on Western philosophy and intellectual history.
Nietzsche spoke of "the death regardbouddhiste.com Nietzsche's moral philosophy is primarily critical in orientation: he attacks morality both for its commitment to untenable descriptive (metaphysical and empirical) claims about human agency, as well as for the deleterious impact of its distinctive norms and values on the flourishing of the highest types of human beings (Nietzsche's “higher men”).regardbouddhiste.com “One person's craziness is another person's reality.” ― Tim Burton tags: craziness, insanity, perspective, reality, sanity.
likes. Like “In individuals, insanity is rare; but in groups, parties, nations and epochs, it is the rule.” ― Friedrich Nietzsche tags: emotions, heart regardbouddhiste.com Friedrich Nietzsche: Another Perspective on Reality Nietzsche makes some very complex arguments that can be simplified only in pieces.
One very important truth that he makes note of in his first treatise reflects on “the good” themselves (Nietzsche, 10).