Choosing an Area of Focus One of the most important steps in the process of writing a research paper for the English discipline is choosing an interesting, engaging topic. An instructor may offer students a range of topics from which to choose or allow students to choose their own areas of focus. If the teacher does provide a list of possible topics, students may respond by feeling either reassured or stifled by the narrowed topic choices. If you find yourself feeling stifled or have a specific interest in another topic not listed, approach your teacher and express your reservations.
The following steps outline a simple and effective strategy for writing a research paper. Depending on your familiarity with the topic and the challenges you encounter along the way, you may need to rearrange these steps. Identify and develop your topic Selecting a topic can be the most challenging part of a research assignment.
Since this is the very first step in writing a paper, it is vital that it be done correctly. Here are some tips for selecting a topic: Select a topic within the parameters set by the assignment. Many times your instructor will give you clear guidelines as to what you can and cannot write about.
Failure to work within these guidelines may result in your proposed paper being deemed unacceptable by your instructor.
Select a topic of personal interest to you and learn more about it. The research for and writing of a paper will be more enjoyable if you are writing about something that you find interesting. Select a topic for which you can find a manageable amount of information. Do a preliminary search of information sources to determine whether existing sources will meet your needs.
If you find too much information, you may need to narrow your topic; if you find too little, you may need to broaden your topic. Your instructor reads hundreds of research papers every year, and many of them are on the same topics topics in the news at the time, controversial issues, subjects for which there is ample and easily accessed information.
Stand out from your classmates by selecting an interesting and off-the-beaten-path topic. See your instructor for advice. Once you have identified your topic, it may help to state it as a question.
For example, if you are interested in finding out about the epidemic of obesity in the American population, you might pose the question "What are the causes of obesity in America? Do a preliminary search for information Before beginning your research in earnest, do a preliminary search to determine whether there is enough information out there for your needs and to set the context of your research.
Additional background information may be found in your lecture notes, textbooks, and reserve readings. You may find it necessary to adjust the focus of your topic in light of the resources available to you. Locate materials With the direction of your research now clear to you, you can begin locating material on your topic.
There are a number of places you can look for information: If you are looking for books, do a subject search in the Alephcatalog. Print or write down the citation information author, title,etc. Note the circulation status. When you locate the book on the shelf, look at the books located nearby; similar items are always shelved in the same area.
Choose the databases and formats best suited to your particular topic; ask at the librarian at the Reference Desk if you need help figuring out which database best meets your needs. Many of the articles in the databases are available in full-text format. Use search engines GoogleYahooetc. Evaluate your sources See the CARS Checklist for Information Quality for tips on evaluating the authority and quality of the information you have located.
Your instructor expects that you will provide credible, truthful, and reliable information and you have every right to expect that the sources you use are providing the same.The research Process - Processes of research by Jonathan Guy In this essay I will outline the primary methods of conducting research, their advantages and disadvantages and .
The same writing standards on which the judges evaluate your research paper or project apply to your essay. Tell us what you know and have learned about the process of doing research, rather than just list the databases you used or give a review of the library.
The Seven Steps of the Research Process The following seven steps outline a simple and effective strategy for finding information for a research paper and documenting the sources you find.
Depending on your topic and your familiarity with the library, you may need to rearrange or recycle these steps. The Research Process Essay. The Research Process RES/ The research process for companies is crucical in this day and time because it helps companies . The research process is the steps included or needed to conduct a research from the beginning to the end.
Research that have been identify should be carried out in a deliberate and systematic manner in order to produce a substantive besides useful outcomes (Weaver and Lawton, ). How-to essays, also known as process essays, are much like recipes; they provide instruction for carrying out a procedure or task.
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You can write a how-to essay about any procedure that you find interesting, just as long as your topic fits the teacher's assignment.